The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in Agra. It was commissioned by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It also is the tomb of Shah Jahan, the builder. The tomb is in the middle of a 42-acre complex which includes a mosque and a guest house.
Construction of the Taj was completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed fully in 1653 at a cost estimated at that time is around 32 million rupees which in 2k15 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees. The construction project employed some 20k artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
The Taj was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being ‘the jewel of Muslim art’ in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world heritage. It is regarded as best mounumal Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year and in 2007 it is declared as one of the 7 wonders of world
How To Reach?
Agra is 204 km from delhi,235kms from Jaipur and 125 kms from Galior.The most popular method of reaching Agra from Delhi is by train 2 to 3 hours and by road 4 to 5 hours, from Jaipur by road 5 to 6 hours and train 4 hours, and Gwalior train 1 hour and road 2 hours.